El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve
The Baja California peninsula presents very complex and variable ecosystems, the climate is mostly dry desert in the lower parts; with the maximum temperature exceeding 40°C in summer and the minimum, less than 0°C in winter; only in the Los Cabos region is the climate warm sub-humid, influenced by cyclones.
Here you will find One of Mexico’s most diverse natural reserves, named after Spanish explorer and cartographer Sebastian Vizcaíno.
The El Vizcaino biosphere reserve is located in the municipality of Mulegé in the central part of the State, it is one of the largest natural reserves in the world, with a total area of 6.161 million acres, In the region covered by the reserve, three areas with different characteristics can be identified: the Sierra, the plains and the coastal zones and due to the complexity of the physical and climatic environments, wildlife that is extraordinarily diverse in form and adaptations has developed in this arid region.
The reserve has a wide variety of activities to choose from:
- Bird watching
- Whale watching (December to April)
- Turtle sighting (all year round)
- Exploring the cave paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco
- Peninsular pronghorn and Peninsular Bighorn sheep sightings (all year round)
The reserve has received several International Designations:
- El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, 1993. UNESCO
- El Vizcaíno Whale Sanctuary Natural Heritage, 1993. UNESCO
- Cultural Heritage Cave Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco, 1993. UNESCO
- Ramsar site. Laguna Ojo de Liebre Wetland of International Importance, site 1339 in 2004.
- Ramsar site. Laguna San Ignacio Wetland of International Importance, site 1341 in 2004.
- Hemispheric Network of Shorebird Reserves (RHRAP) in the San Ignacio and Guerrero Negro lagoons, 2009.
The reserve is accessible by car via the Transpeninsular highway, which crosses the entire Peninsula, being Guerrero Negro, Vizcano, San Ignacio, and Santa Rosalia the closest communities to the reserve.
It is also accessible by air via the La Paz and Loreto airports as well as two air routes from Hermosillo to Guerrero Negro that only operate on specific days of the week.
An amazing natural wonder to be discovered while traveling across Mexico